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However, how do you create a system Which Has a decentralized ledger How can you give someone the ability to update the ledger without giving them too much powerin case they become corrupt or negligent in their job
Well, Bitcoins rulesalso known as the Bitcoin protocolsolves this in a very creative manner I love to phone Who Wants to Be a Banker
In short, anyone who wants to take part in updating the ledger of Bitcoin transactions, known as the blockchain, can do this. Whatever you need is to guess a random number that solves an equation generated by the computer system. Sounds easy, right
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Obviously, this guessing is all done by your PC. The stronger your computer is, the more guesses you can make in a second, increasing your chances of winning this game. If you manage to guess right, you earn bitcoins and get to write the next page of Bitcoin transactions on the blockchain. .
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1. Once your mining pc comes up with the right guess, your mining program determines which of these current pending transactions will be grouped together into the next block of transactions. Compiling this cube represents your moment of glory, as youve now become a temporary banker of Bitcoin who gets to update the Bitcoin transaction ledger known as the blockchain. .
2. The block youve created, along with your solution, is sent to the whole network so other computers can validate it. Its a bit similar to some Rubiks cube: The solution is very tough to attain but very easy to validate.
3. Each computer that validates your solution upgrades its copy of the Bitcoin transaction ledger with the transactions that you opted to include in the cube.
4. The machine generates a fixed amount of bitcoins (currently 12.5) and benefits them as compensation for time and energy you spent solving the math issue.
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5. Additionally, you get paid any transaction fees which were attached to the transactions you inserted into the next block.
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6. Each of the transactions in the block youve only entered are now confirmed from the Bitcoin network and are virtually irreversible.
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Therefore thats Bitcoin mining in a nutshell. Its called mining due to the fact that this process helps mine new Bitcoins from the system. But if you think about it, the mining component is just a by-product of the transaction confirmation procedure. So the name is somewhat misleading, since the main objective of mining would be to maintain the ledger in a decentralized manner. .
As you can imagine, since mining is based on a type of guessing, for each block, a different miner will guess the number and be granted the right to upgrade the blockchain. Of course, that the miners with more computing power will succeed more often, but on account of the law of statistical probability, its highly unlikely that the exact same miner will succeed each time. .
Now that you know what Bitcoin mining is, you might be thinking, Cool! Free money! Where do I sign up Well, not so fast
Satoshi Nakamoto, who invented Bitcoin, crafted the principles for mining in a way that the more mining energy the network gets, the harder it is to guess the answer to the mining mathematics issue. So that the difficulty of this mining process is actually self-adjusting to the accumulated mining capability the network owns. .
If more miners join, it will get harder to address the issue; if many of them drop off, it will get easier. This is known as mining difficulty.
He wanted to create a steady stream of new bitcoins into the computer system. In a sense, this has been done to keep inflation in check. Mining difficulty is set so that, on average, a new Get More Info block will be inserted each ten minutes (i.e., the number will probably be figured every ten minutes on average). .
Now, rememberthis is on average. We can have two blocks being added minute after minute and then wait an hour for the next block. In the long run, this may even out to ten minutes on average.
As you can imagine, this type of self-adjusting mechanism has created a type of arms race to acquire the most efficient and strong miners as soon as possible.
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When Bitcoin helpful hints first started out, there werent a lot of miners out there. In fact, Satoshi, the inventor of Bitcoin, and also his friend Hal Finney were a few the only individuals mining Bitcoin back in the time using their own personal computers.
Using your CPU (central processing unityour computers brain and an integrated component in any computer) was enough for mining Bitcoin back in 2009, since mining difficulty was reduced. Since Bitcoin began to catch on, folks looked for more powerful mining solutions.